Lenin Collected Works: Volume 20


Lenin Collected Works:
Volume 20

December 1913 - August 1914



Critical Remarks on the National Question
  1. Liberals and Democrats on the Language Question
  2. National Culture
  3. The Nationalist Bogey of “Assimilation
  4. Cultural-National Autonomy
  5. The Equality of Nations and the Rights of National Minorities
  6. Centralisation and Autonomy
Once More About the International Socialist Bureau and the Liquidators 22k
National-Liberalism and the Right of Nations to Self-Determination 14k
Narodism and Liquidationism as Disintegrating Elements in the Working-Class Movement 22k
Comment on Kautsky's Letter 10k
Novoye Vremya and Rech on the Right of Nations to Self-Determination 7k
A Letter to the Editor 5k


Four Thousand Rubles a Year and a Six-Hour Day 3k
Is a Compulsory Official Language Needed? 13k
To Camille Huysmans
  ¶ I   ¶ II   ¶ III   ¶ IV   ¶ V   ¶ VI
The Purpose of Zemstvo Statistics 24k
Book Review: Labour Protection Exhibits
  at the All-Russia Hygiene Exhibition in St. Petersburg in 1913. St. Petersburg 1913. Pp. 78. Price not indicated.
The Liberals' Corruption of the Workers 12k
Letter to the Editor 8k
The Liquidators' Leader on the Liquidators' Terms of “Unity” 16k
A Contribution to the History of the National Programme in Austria and in Russia 17k
A Highborn Liberal Landlord on the “New Zemstvo Russia” 16k
Narodism and the Class of Wage-Workers 14k
More About “Nationalism” 10k
The Peasantry and Hired Labour 12k
Mr. Struve on the Need to “Reform the Government” 13k
The Narodniks on N. K. Mikhailovsky 18k
Concerning A. Bogdanov 18k
Editorial Comment on Veteran's Article: “The National Question and the Lettish Proletariat” 7k
Preface to the Symposium: Marxism and Liquidationism 14k
Political Disputes Among the Liberals 11k
The “Labouring” Peasantry and the Trade in Land 13k
What Is Worrying the Liberals 9k
Narodniks and Liquidators in the Trade Union Movement
  (A Valuable Admission)
Pious Wishes 8k
A Liberal Professor on Equality 12k
The British Liberals and Ireland 13k
The Taylor System—Man's Enslavement by the Machine 10k
A “Responsible Opposition” and the Participation of the Constitutional-Democrats in the March 1 Conference 10k
The Break-Up of the “August” Bloc 22k
Capitalism and the Press 13k
A Radical Bourgeois on the Russian Workers 18k
Political Lessons 8k
The National Equality Bill
  • A Bill for the Abolition of All Disabilities of the Jews and of All Restrictions on the Grounds of Origin or Nationality
Farm Labourers' Wages 11k
The Lettish Workers and the Split in the Social-Democratic Group in the Duma 21k
The “August” Fiction Exposed 13k
Socialism Demolished Again
  ¶ I   ¶ II   ¶ III   ¶ IV   ¶ V  
  ¶ VI   ¶ VII   ¶ VIII   ¶ IX   ¶ X
Forms of the Working-Class Movement
  (The Lockout and Marxist Tactics)
The Left Narodniks Whitewash the Bourgeoisie 15k
On the Question of National Policy 34k
Constitutional Crisis in Britain 13k
Unity (April 12, 1914) 12k
Organised Marxists on Intervention by the International Bureau 14k
National Equality 9k
The Liquidators and the Lettish Working-Class Movement 11k
Serf Economy in the Rural Areas 11k
From the History of the Workers' Press in Russia 47k
What Should Not Be Copied from the German Labour Movement 19k
Book Review: N. A. Rubakin, Among Books,
  Vol. II. Nauka Publishers, Moscow, 1913. Price 4 rubles. Second Edition.
Liquidationism Defined 10k
Concluding Remarks to the Symposium Marxism and Liquidationism 39k
More About the Political Crisis 11k
The Ideological Struggle in the Working-Class Movement 17k
Bill on the Equality of Nations and the Safeguarding of the Rights of National Minorities 11k
“Neighbouring Squires” 7k
The Narodniks and “Factional Coercion” 12k
Corrupting the Workers with Refined Nationalism 12k
The Political Situation 9k
Workers' Unity and Intellectualist “Trends” 13k
The Left Narodniks 13k
The Liquidators and Malinovsky's Biography 15k
Two Paths 13k
Plekhanov, Who Knows Not What He Wants 16k
The Estimates of the Ministry of Agriculture 23k
Unity (May 30, 1914) 11k
A Fool's Haste Is No Speed 13k
Disruption of Unity Under Cover of Outcries for Unity
  1. “Factionalism”
  2. The Split
  3. The Break-up of the August Bloc
  4. A Conciliator's Advice to the “Seven”
  5. Trotsky's Liquidationist Views
Book Review: I. Drozdov, The Wages of Farm Labourers
  in Russia in Connection with the Agrarian Movement in 1905-06
Clarity Has Been Achieved
  Class-Conscious Workers, Please Note
  1. The Programme and the National Question
  2. The Decision of 1908
  3. The 1910 Decision
  4. “Trends”
Adventurism 16k
The Liquidators and the Decisions of the Lettish Marxists 12k
The Working Class and Its Press 31k
Left-Wing Narodism and Marxism 12k
The Agrarian Question in Russia 9k
The Political Significance of Vituperation
  (On the Question of Unity)
Objective Data on the Strength of the Various Trends in the Working-Class Movement 28k
How Strong is the Left-Narodnik Trend Among the Workers 18k
The Right of Nations to Self-Determination
  1. What Is Meant by the Self-Determination of Nations?
  2. The Historically Concrete Presentation of the Question
  3. The Concrete Features of the National Question in Russia, and Russia's Bourgeois-Democratic Reformation
  4. Practicality” in the National Question
  5. The Liberal Bourgeoisie and the Socialist Opportunists in the National Question
  6. Norway's Secession from Sweden
  7. The Resolution of the London International Congress, 1896
  8. The Utopian Karl Marx and the Practical Rosa Luxemburg
  9. The 1903 Programme and Its Liquidators
  10. Conclusion
The Bourgeois Intelligentsia's Methods of Struggle Against the Workers
  1. The Liquidators' and the Narodniks' Alliance Against the Workers
  2. How the Liberals Defend “Unity” Between the Workers and the Liquidators
  3. Why the Workers' Organisations Publicly Denounced the Liquidators as Slanderers?
The Vperyodists and the Vperyod Group 30k
Editorial Comment on Ocksen Lola's “Appeal to the Ukrainian Workers” 6k
Report of the C.C. of the R.S.D.L.P. to the Brussels Conference and Instructions to the C.C. Delegation
  • Appendix. Instructions
    1. Notes privées
    2. Notes privées
    3. Not for the Report.
How the Workers Responded to the Formation of the Russian Social-Democratic Labour Group in the Duma
  • What Is Shown by the Activities of the Two Groups During the First Quarter
Clarity First and Foremost!
  (On the Question of Unity)
  1. People Holding Two Opinions
The Results of Workers' Press Day Summed Up
  From the Report Published in “Put Pravdy”
  • St. Petersburg
The Polish Social-Democratic Opposition at the Parting of the Ways 7k
Reply to the Article in Leipziger Volkszeitung 10k


Volume 20 Transcription/Mark-up: Brian Baggins, Carl Kavanagh, David Walters, and Zodiac, 2000 (“Disruption of Unity Under Cover of Outcries for Unity”, “The Right of Nations to Self-Determination” and “The Bourgeois Intelligentsia's Methods of Struggle Against the Workers”).   •   R. Cymbala, Sep. 6-18, 2004 (all documents except the three above).
•   This volume fills a gap marking the completion of Volumes 1 through 33 (in English) and is dedicated to D. Orosz, who wasn't “sure” whether or not having Lenin Collected Works on the Internet “would be a good idea”.

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